10 tips for you to produce less waste at home – Women Tips
These days it is not unusual read on initiatives to decrease the waste produced among the population. In Umuarama (PR), for example, residents can exchange recyclable by "green currency" to be used at local fairs. In the city of Barueri (SP), the recyclables are exchanged for discount on electricity bills.
But those are just a few examples. Nara Froes Aguilar Giocondo, degree in environmental management by ESALQ / USP and a member of UNA Advice on Sustainability, explains that, in 2010, was published the National Policy on Solid Waste (Law No. 12,305 / 10), which provides tools to improve waste management in the country. "This has raised the issue of recycling, reverse logistics packaging and products, the liability of municipalities (calls that are established Municipal Plans for Waste Management), shared responsibility between manufacturers, consumers and government, among other actions "he says.
And we, as consumers, we also have our responsibilities. With simple actions can produce less waste at home, contributing thus to better waste management in the country.
Check out some tips on how to do this:
- 1 1. Bet on "conscious consumption"
- 2 2. Buy vegetables in home gardens
- 3 3. Reduce the use of plastic bags
- 4 4. Be attentive to packaging
- 5 5. Dispose of the packaging as soon as possible
- 6 6. Bet on new revenue and reduce waste
- 7 7. Reuse
- 8 8. Save the purchase of cleaning products
- 9 9. Borrow or rent
- 10 10. Buy clothes and make donations
- 11 Tips for recycling
1. Bet on "conscious consumption"
It may seem obvious, but it bears repeating. All you get for your home needs to be processed in one way or another. If not used, recycled or reused where end? In the trash. "The first step is always thinking about conscious consumption, or rethink your choices and weigh all the factors involved in it, besides the price," says Nara.
Within this proposal, you can follow many actions that imply the reduction of garbage you produce at home.
2. Buy vegetables in home gardens
"Instead of buying your vegetables in supermarkets, already cut and packaged in a Styrofoam tray (which is difficult to recycle), choose to buy in gardens, retail shops and fairs in your neighborhood. In addition to reducing the amount of packaging, you encourage the local economy, uses less natural resources and emits less greenhouse gases in the transport of these products, "says Nara Froes.
3. Reduce the use of plastic bags
The professional tip in environmental management Nara is always take your returnable bag to the supermarket. "You can even take home some plastic bags (they are not as villainous as they say), they are very useful in the transport of cleaning products (not to mix with the food of returnable) and also for any derived products organic which can release liquids (such as meats, some fresh cheeses, etc.).
Then these little bags must be reutilizas to landfills or transport of some other material, "he explains. "But let's face it: when you shop only with plastic bags, you end up joining a much larger amount than when you use also leads to returnable. We can (and should) reduce it, "he adds.
4. Be attentive to packaging
"Whenever you can, opt for packages containing larger amount of your preferred product. Besides, in general, are cheaper, they also generate less waste, "says Débora Cardoso, degree in environmental management by ESALQ / USP, a partner at UNA Advice on Sustainability.
The professional also points out that there are several products already work with refill system as well as returnable containers (for water, soft drinks) - which are good options to reduce the amount of resources used and also the amount of waste generated after consumption.
"Another nice option is to buy products in bulk or loose packages (without the box that brings together the various individual bags)," adds Deborah.
It is important to read the packaging, analyze and compare. "Use product features, combined with the price as a factor of choice. Search for options of 'green labels' or 'seals' in your favorite products. Some well-known and widespread are the symbol of recycling (which shows that the packaging can be recycled later), the FSC label (which certifies that the paper was removed from subsidiaries and / or reforested sources), the Fair Trade label (or " fair trade ", which certifies that was set a fair price, establishing environmental equilibrium conditions in the supply chain), organic seals (which attests to the non-use of pesticides and other chemicals in its production), among others," says the professional in environmental management.
According to Deborah, it is good to avoid also buy some packages, such as Styrofoam and aluminized plastic that have a difficult and more cost recycling, which means that not all cooperatives have access.
5. Dispose of the packaging as soon as possible
Débora Cardoso pointed out that if the supermarket rely on recyclable collection points, it's good to take advantage of already "unpack" their products there. "This falicita recycling and miniminiza misguided allocation of possibilities," he says.
6. Bet on new revenue and reduce waste
In everyday life, in your home, seek maximum use of the food. "Look for new recipes that take advantage of parts that would be disposed of vegetables, fruit and vegetables, such as stalks and peels, for example," says Nara Froes.
Be rational: reduce waste by buying only the amount you will consume. "Remember that, when disposing of a food, the impact is great. In addition to generating waste, you are wasting all the inputs used to produce it, the labor paid to cultivate it, fuel and gases emitted in its transport, energy consumed for its exposure etc. supermarket, "explains professional.
It's easy to turn something that would go to waste into a useful object. "If you have any manual skill and creativity, you can decorate, paint or coating fabric recyclable packaging, to make a door-trinket boxes, vases, pots grocery / cotton / cotton swab etc.," says Débora Cardoso. "In our office, for example, made a pack with pencil holder (tube) of potato chips, a standard-clips with tuna and a juice box holder paper," he adds.
Photo: Playback / Débora Cardoso
"With the organic waste in a simple way, it is possible to make a home composter, which will provide the transformation into an organic fertilizer which may be used. Another tip is to make a coffee grounds mixed with egg shell and apply directly into your pots and garden, "says the professional.
8. Save the purchase of cleaning products
In the supermarket you can find a huge variety of cleaning products, for different purposes: one to clean the window; one for the sink and so on.
But the truth is that you can use a single cleaner for all purposes. You can even prepare it at home, with vinegar, for example, that has many uses. Thus, in addition to saving on the purchase of the month, you will avoid accumulating several packages that would go to waste.
9. Borrow or rent
Do you need something for a specific project, but know you will not use it again? How about borrow from a friend or rent ?! The tip goes for those who need a particular tool, a book or magazine etc.
10. Buy clothes and make donations
It seems strange to speak of clothes here, since even that piece that you no longer use, usually does not go to waste (but rather standing still in wardrobes). But the idea of conscious consumption also applies to this type of product.
Nowadays you can find good quality thrift stores in cities across the country. And even people who live well financially endorse and collaborate with this type of trade. So in addition to buy, when you can, a used clothing (of course, in good condition), donate their pieces are stuck at home!
Tips for recycling
For those who want to recycle, it pays to pay attention to some tips. "Check with your condo or your municipal office if there are municipal selective collection, as well as what the times and forms of collection. Then, separate the materials and follow the recommendations, "says Nara Froes.
"Just put recyclables in the bins of your driveway near the time of collection, because if they are exposed to rain, can hamper their recyclability, as well as storing water, spreading vectors such as dengue mosquito" adds the professional.
"Often it is not necessary to separate the material according to each type of recyclable, check with the cooperative that operates in your area. It is also important that the containers are washed. Remember: they are human beings who will manipulate them, then facilitate the work and prevent its residue will attract cockroaches, mice etc. Whenever you can also reduce the volume of them (loved, unfold) to facilitate its further transportation, "concludes Nara Froes.