Bacterial vaginosis – Women Tips
Bacterial vaginosis can be caused by a bacteria called Gardnerella vaginalis or other related bacteria and is a major cause of discharge, which may be yellowish or grayish white color, fluid, homogeneous and still form microbubbles.
The disease can arise from bacteria existing in the body, so some experts do not consider it a sexually transmitted disease. However, during sexual contact bacteria can be passed from one person to another. Considering this, condom use remains essential.
Some ways to avoid contracting the disease is always to protect themselves by using condoms during sexual contacts and sexual relationships, do vaginal douches without a doctor's recommendation, avoid sex with many different partners and always do routine gynecological exams.
Its main signals are strong odor (such as fish smell) that it causes, particularly during periods such as periods, and can also be realized during intercourse. Other symptoms include itching and burning sensation when urinating. However, about half of women who have bacterial vaginosis do not feel the symptoms.
In man, even if he has the bacteria and the disease occurs, symptoms usually do not appear.
The diagnosis must be made by means of Pap smear, clinical examination and laboratory tests. You can also do a chemical test at the clinic to detect the presence of vaginosis.
To treat bacterial vaginosis is necessary to follow the medical indication administering antiobioticos that can be applied on-site or taken in tablet form. The partner who has had unprotected sex with you too must undergo the full treatment.
It is important to treat vaginosis until the end even after the symptoms have disappeared, because even though usually it does not present risks in some cases it is possible that it has the following implications:
- Premature birth or newborn with underweight;
- The bacteria that cause bacterial vaginosis may infect the uterus and fallopian tubes. This inflammation is known as pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). PID can cause infertility or serious damage to the fallopian tubes, which in turn can lead to ectopic pregnancy and infertility. Tubal pregnancy is a threat to the life condition in which an egg develops outside the uterus, usually in the fallopian tubes.
- Bacterial vaginosis can increase the likelihood of STD infection / AIDS in cases of exposure to the virus.
- Bacterial vaginosis can increase the chances of a woman passing the AIDS virus to your partner.
- Bacterial vaginosis can increase the likelihood of a woman being infected with other sexually transmitted diseases such as chlamydia and gonorrhea.
Health care is never too much, so keep an eye and if you notice anything strange not hesitate to consult a gynecologist.
References: STD / AIDS Program of the São Paulo City Hall.