Photo: Thinkstock

Photo: Thinkstock

When the subject is vaccine, parents are not reluctant to take their children to the health post. But not only children who should be with carterinha days. In time to take care of their health, many adults do not give due importance to vaccination campaigns.

At every stage of our life we ​​are subject to viruses and disease-causing bacteria and infections that the body is not prepared to fight. So there are a number of vaccines that need to be made or repeated throughout life. Meet some vaccines that every adult should take.

MMR - measles, mumps and rubella

Caused by a virus, measles It is characterized by red spots on the body. Although little observed among adults, adults should be immunized to protect children with whom they live, because the form of the disease infection occurs through the respiratory tract.

THE mumps also has transmission through the respiratory tract and is known for leaving a swollen neck. In adults, often more severe than in children, may cause meningitis, encephalitis, deafness, inflammation of the testicles or ovaries, and rarely in the pancreas.

already rubella, It is characterized by the increase of nodes in the neck and reddish spots on the skin. The danger is greater for pregnant women, since the virus can lead to congenital rubella syndrome, which impairs the formation of the baby in the first trimester of pregnancy. The syndrome causes deafness, cardiac malformation, cataract and delayed development.

When you are taking?

The adult should take the tri-viral vaccine if you have not received the recommended two doses as a child and if you were born after 1960. The Ministry of Health believes that people who were born before that date have had these diseases and are immunized, or have been previously vaccinated.

Women who wish to have children have not been immunized or have never had rubella should be vaccinated one month before becoming pregnant.

Double adult type (dT) - diphtheria and tetanus

THE diphtheria It is caused by a bacterium that affects the respiratory system, causing fevers and headaches. In severe cases, it may develop into an inflammation of the heart. It is contracted by contact with secretions of infected people.

One of the most common forms of contagion tetanus is hurt the foot with rusty nail. toxin the bacteria causing the disease affects the muscles and leads to spasms. The respiratory muscles is one of the most committed and if the disease is not treated immediately, the diaphragm involvement (muscle responsible for much of the respiration) can lead to respiratory failure which in some cases is fatal.

When you are taking?

The first part of vaccination for diphtheria and tetanus It is made in three doses with an interval of two. Generally, these three doses are taken in childhood. Then, the reinforcement should be done every ten years.

Hepatitis B

THE Hepatitis B It is transmitted by blood and usually no symptoms. Some patients do not realize they have the disease and cure it naturally, while in others, the disease can become chronic and cause liver damage that can progress to cirrhosis.

When you are taking?

Up to 24 years, it can be taken in health care. People who have contact with blood, such as health professionals, podiatrists, manicures, tattoo artists and fire, or have intimate relationships with health patients are part of the risk groups and can also take free. Other than that, any adult who has not yet received the three doses required to ensure immunization may seek private clinics to take hepatitis B vaccine.

Yellow fever

The disease is transmitted by a mosquito and its main symptoms are fever, headache, chills, nausea, vomiting, body aches, jaundice (yellow skin and eyes) and bleeding. If left untreated, yellow fever It can lead to death.

When you are taking?

Being a serious disease, all people living in risk areas should take yellow fever vaccine every ten years. Who is scheduled to travel these regions should also be vaccinated at least ten days before.

risk areas in Brazil are the rural areas in the North and in the country's Midwest and some municipalities in the states of Maranhão, Piauí, Bahia, Minas Gerais, São Paulo, Paraná, Santa Catarina and Rio Grande do Sul.

HPV

THE HPV vaccine protects against the human papilloma virus, transmitted by unprotected sexual contact that infects men and women in the sexually active age and reduces the risk of a woman developing cervical cancer.

The virus can stay for long in the body without manifesting itself, although it can be transmitted, and to take action in situations of stress, when the body's defense is shaken or during pregnancy.

When you are taking?

The woman should take three doses of the vaccine to be immunized (the second after two months of the first and the third six months after the second), and the ideal is to be applied before the onset of sexual activity.

As there are several types of HPV, women and men who have had contact with the virus can receive the dose to protect against new infections.