Photo: Thinkstock

Photo: Thinkstock

Recently, the government service DataSenado conducted a survey of women in 119 Brazilian cities to ascertain information on domestic violence. Among the more than a thousand respondents, 66% believe that violence against women has increased and 60% said that the protection of women against domestic violence has improved, however.

Of all the women, at least half have met a woman who suffered domestic violence and between those, physical violence was the most mentioned among the women heard. But why is it that even with so many resources available to enforce the Maria da Penha Law, many women still suffer in silence?

The main reason, according to research, is the fear of revenge from the offender. Among other reasons why women do not denounce and carries out the process are concern for the children, financial dependence on the abuser, the shame of aggression and lack of knowledge of the rights it has.

Surprisingly, some of battered women also fail to report abusers because they believe that they will stop being violent and that was the last time. Other women still fail to report the offender because the Maria da Penha Law prevents them withdraw the complaint at the police station, in certain cases.

Why these men beat their mates?

In general, the main reasons that lead men to commit violence against women are jealous and use of alcohol. Other reasons such as betrayal, separation and lack of money also appear in search, but are less expressive.

Among the perpetrators are usually the husband or current partner and surprisingly ex-husbands, ex-boyfriends and ex-partners.

Maria da Penha Law

Law No. 11,340 was created to prevent domestic and family violence against women in various ways. The law was baptized with that name in honor of the pharmaceutical Maria da Penha, women who suffered two murder attempts by her husband, survived and plucked up the courage to report it after the second.

According to Maria da Penha Law, there are five types of domestic violence:

  1. Physical violence: Refers to conduct that offends the integrity and physical health of women;
  2. Psychological violence: Relates to actions that cause psychological and emotional harm to women, such as humiliation, threats and embarrassment;
  3. sexual violence: Is related to sexual practices as witness or participate in sexual intercourse without the woman's consent, as well as forcing abortion, pregnancy, prostitution or prevent the use of contraceptives;
  4. financial abuse: Refers to situations in which the aggressor destroys or retains personal belongings, documents and even funds for the work or other needs of women;
  5. moral violence: With regard to libel, slander and libel against the battered woman.

According to research DataSenado unfortunately only 28% of women suffering aggression denounce his companions, while 23% do nothing about it. But the only way to curb this violent action and enforce the law and our rights is denouncing the aggressor and taking it to the end.

The law may lead the aggressor to be arrested, or at least pay a stock of food for the children, stay away from the victim or change the house where they live. The attacker may also be required to undergo a re-education process to relearn the harmonious and healthy coexistence with women - without violence.

How to help a woman suffering domestic violence

These tips will help you know what to do when you know someone suffering domestic violence. Learn to do the best in these cases and try to prevent further damage to this woman.

  • Keep in mind that the offender is not the victim and should be punished according to the law;
  • Avoid making fun of the situation, because it can worsen the victim's self-esteem even further and make the situation seem less serious than it actually is;
  • Do not give reason to the independent perpetrator of the reasons he had to commit this crime;
  • Do not judge the victim if she decides to give another chance to the aggressor. Instead, try to advise this woman without saying that it is wrong to continue with it, after all it is difficult to get an idea of ​​the connection that exists between victim and aggressor;
  • Give support to the victim on what it takes: making the complaint, finding a safe place to stay, help to seek counseling and get a lawyer to handle the case;
  • Accompany the victim to the police station or hospital if necessary, collect information and evidence you feel is important and if you have any questions please contact the number 180.

If you suffer or know someone suffering domestic violence, be sure to do your part. Complaints can be made at the Women's Police stations or in common.

The victim himself or acquaintances of the victim may also call 180 (Center for Assistance to Women) to seek further guidance regarding domestic violence and how to proceed in case of aggression.

Useful addresses:

Maria da Penha project

Maria da Penha Law (Full)

Social network Maria da Penha Law

Woman, living without violence