Progesterone: what it is and how it is related to pregnancy – Women Tips
Perhaps, progesterone does not sound like a "common name" for you. But know that this is a very important hormone in women's lives, involved in their menstrual cycle and pregnancy.
Marcello Valle specialist in Human Reproduction and Director of Clinical Origen explains that progesterone is produced by the corpus luteum in the ovaries, after ovulation, the adrenals and the placenta during pregnancy. "Progesterone molecule is derived from cholesterol. She participates in the preparation of the endometrium for implantation (implantation of the fertilized egg in the uterine wall) of the embryo and the endometrium maintains that until the end of pregnancy, "he says.
"Progesterone also exerts its effect on the mucus present on the cervix and the nervous system," the physician.
For all that, progesterone is considered the keeper of the pregnancy hormone and consequently, abnormal levels of it can significantly reduce the chances of a woman becoming pregnant.
X estrogen progesterone
To understand the important role of progesterone is necessary to know also the action of the hormone called estrogen.
Marcello Valle points out that both are called sex hormones. "In the menstrual cycle, estrogen participates more actively in the first 15 days - that is, the pre ovulatory phase - thickening the endometrium. After ovulation, the corpus luteum begins to produce progesterone, which will mature this endometrium, favoring implantation "he explains.
If no fertilization occurs, the endometrium (the inner layer of the uterus) and crumble the vessels supplying bleed for a few days (menstruation) and then the hypothalamus (brain area) will command to start the next menstrual cycle.
Note that estrogens and progesterone are not the only sex hormones can influence female behavior, but are the most important. In general, it can be said that the action of estrogens - released in the first half of the cycle - is preparing for sex; since the action of progesterone in the second half, is to ensure the integrity of pregnancy.
Predominance of progesterone X changes in women's behavior
Marcello Valle points out that some studies relate progesterone with depressive symptoms and mood changes.
Within two weeks before menstruation, also due to the predominance of progesterone, women's skin becomes less bright, there is fluid retention, breast pain, decreased vaginal lubrication, difficulty achieving orgasm, increased appetite and temperature body, among other changes.
What does low progesterone?
If progesterone levels are low, the lining of the uterus can not be well prepared for the implantation takes place. And although it occurs, low progesterone may contribute to miscarriage, ovulate, or microaborto, and can cause other health problems of women.
Marcello Valle explains that the causes of poor production of progesterone are not well understood, "but there may be related to poor nutrition and stress, in addition to ovarian anovulatory diseases, that is, when the woman does not ovulate properly."
The specialist in Human Reproduction highlights that some of the low progesterone symptoms are:
- Changes in appetite;
- Changes in mood;
- menstrual irregularity;
- Loss of libido;
Also according to Valle, the diagnosis can be made by clinical history of the patient and the blood dosage of progesterone.
Progesterone treatments for disorders
Marcello Valle explains that the treatment depends on the purpose of the patient. "For those who wish to become pregnant or have menstrual irregularities can be given hormone replacement via tablets, cream or vaginal gels," he says.
Now you know the important role of progesterone in a woman's life, especially from the moment she decides to become pregnant.
All this reinforces that it is very important to always keep up with the queries to the gynecologist, so that in case of problems with the production of progesterone, for example, or any other that may affect the pregnancy, the trader can indicate the best treatment.