Photo: Getty Images

Photo: Getty Images

Beer is a drink made from the fermentation of grain, mainly malted barley. The first evidence of its existence dates around 6000 B.C. and comes from Sumer. The name was given by the Romans "cervesia" in honor of Ceres, goddess of agriculture and fertility. But it was in the Middle Ages that beer won the taste we know today. The Gauls began to manufacture it with malt and hops monks discovered as a natural preservative.

According to nutróloga Claudia Dias moderate consumption of beer can bring some benefits to our body, such as: decrease anxiety, helps improve memory, reasoning and cognitive ability, helping to prevent senile degeneration of the central nervous system. And the increase of good cholesterol, which reduces risk of developing cardiovascular diseases.

In addition, "the beer provides large doses of organic silicon, an important nutrient for the hair to the skin, to the nails for teeth, bones. Several studies show a lower incidence of osteoporosis or osteopenia in people who drink beer moderately and frequently, "says nutróloga. Its consumption also decreases the rate of aging and the appearance of so-called chronic degenerative diseases.

Consumption in low amount of beer has slightly aphrodisiac effect, partly generated by the reduction in stress and in part by the release of self-repression. "The decrease in stress reduction also causes the release of catecholamines (adrenaline and noradrenaline) and this improves sexual performance," says Claudia Dias.

Despite all the benefits, it is very important to make clear that all these benefits are only possible before a moderate use. In excess, the process is quite adverse and malefic. The limit established in the polls, is 2 cans of beer a day for men and one for women without the right to build, that is, no use do not drink during the week and at the weekend to take the weekly amount of a once, says Claudia.

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This drink brings many benefits today is considered one of the Brazilian national passions, and increasingly appear more options of this product on the shelves, which ends up generating some doubts at the time to buy it. If you get the urge to try different beers, but do not know where to start, this guide will help you on your next choices.

Choose some types of beers and invite a beer sommelière, styles master, a member of the brotherhood Maltemoiselles and one of the teachers of Sinnatrah, Julia Reis; and a Certified BJCP, home brewer and owner of Storm beer, Lívia Fernandes, to explain to us the differences, check.

Pilsen

Suggestions: Pilsner Urquell, 1795, Eisenbahn Pilsen

Suggestions: Pilsner Urquell, 1795 and Eisenbahn Pilsen

National beers like Brahma and Skol, despite being called Pilsen, in fact, are another style: American Lager. The latter permits the addition of corn and rice. Since the real Pilsen also has a lightweight body, it is also refreshing, but brings more evident malt notes, more noticeable bitterness and are produced with 100% barley malt.

taste: Gold, light body and medium low bitterness. malty flavor and discreet hop aroma mark the real pilsens.

harmonization: Patties fish baits.

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Suitable forIdeal for a summer day with friends at the beach or pool.

American Lager

Suggestions: Bohemia Pilsen (Standard), Heineken and Stella Artois (Premium)

Suggestions: Bohemia Pilsen (Standard), Heineken and Stella Artois (Premium)

The American lager is one of the styles of beers most consumed in Brazil. It is divided between lite, standard and premium and has a lower alcohol content compared to ales. In its composition, other cereals may be added in addition to barley, which is the case of corn and rice lite version.

Some examples are lite Brahma Light and Bud Light. The standard include Skol Pilsen, Chopp Brahma, Bohemia Pilsen, Wanton Blonde and Polar Export. premium the most frequent here are Heineken, Stella Artois, Brahma Extra, Corona Extra, Birra Moretti and Itaipava Premium. And among the three groups, the lite are less alcoholic, followed by standard and premium having the higher alcohol content of Pilsens.

taste: Its taste is less bitter, more malty, quite refreshing and slightly fruity.

harmonization: Hamburger, salad leaves, frescal type cheeses, poultry, pizzas and fried shrimp and fish.

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Suitable for: Being appreciated on hot days to provide a refreshing action.

Bock

Tips: Baden Baden Bock, La Trappe and Paulaner Salvator

Tips: Baden Baden Bock, La Trappe and Paulaner Salvator

The color varies from light brown to copper, they are full-bodied, have a strong malt aroma, with some alcohol tips.

taste: The taste may vary a little caramel and toasted notes. Bitterness is just enough that the sweet taste does not get boring.

harmonization: Pork, German sausages, Gorgonzola cheese and Gouda and chocolate based desserts.

Suitable forHow is winter icon, combined with a mix of nuts at the bar or even a future meeting of the fireplace.

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Weiss

Suggestions: Weheinstephaner, Paulaner and Franziskaner

Suggestions: Weheinstephaner, Paulaner and Franziskaner

The wheat beer is clear and unfiltered, which makes part of your yeast stay inside the bottle, which creates a cloudy appearance. It has the highest body, low bitterness, good refreshing. yellow straw color to dark golden. They should be served in large glass (Weizen) so that the entire contents of the bottle to be poured at once, causing the yeast is homogenized.

taste: With banana flavor, clove yeast and wheat, which can be perceived as breads and cereals, are also acceptable flavor with a slight citric acid, vanilla character, but none of these features should be marked.

harmonization: Combines well baked fish or seafood such as squid and shrimp provencal, and roast chicken and caesar salads.

Suitable for: Take the afternoon or happy hour, as it has a mild flavor.

Stout

Suggestions: Guinness, Caracu and Baden Baden Stout

Suggestions: Guinness, Caracu and Baden Baden Stout

The stout is a dark beer. Among the types of stout and are less powerful versions from a dry stout, such as Guinness Stout to an imperial which may have 12% alcohol and is thickened. The most consumed in Brazil is a dry stout.

taste: Aromatic notes of coffee and cocoa. The dry stout is slightly toasted flavor, crisp cereals, with moderate acidity and bitterness from mild to high.

harmonization: Oysters are a classic harmonization for dry stouts, as the imperial combine well with chocolate based desserts like petit gateau.

Suitable for: Enjoy on a weekend night.

Porter

Suggestions: London Porter, Colorado Demoiselle and Anchor's

Suggestions: London Porter, Colorado Demoiselle and Anchor's

This beer has a dark brown color aroma reminiscent of caramel, nuts or chocolate, balanced with hints of hops. Their versions vary from more or less hoppy (bitter) and toast.

taste: Dark chocolate notes, has toasted flavor and medium body.

harmonization: Barbecued Meats in sauce - like lizard - or made on the grill.

Suitable for: Sunday lunch.

IPA (India Pale Ale)

Tips: Indicates Colorado, Brooklyn East IPA, Eviltwin Easy Come Easy Go IPA

Tips: Indicates Colorado, Brooklyn East IPA, Eviltwin Easy Come Easy Go IPA

Orange and hop flavors (citrus, floral, resinous, herbal or alkaline according to the variety).

palate: Are bitter beers with hops flavor in the aftertaste. A style that has gained much popularity.

harmonization: It combines very well with pork, seasoned as ribs with mandarin and rosemary.

Suitable for: Drink at the end of a working day, but also at parties.

Juliana says that "it is important to note that there are no rules as strict for matching with food or situations, but there are some basic ways. Sometimes a spice or sauce make a difference to make beer and dish a perfect pair. And sometimes, if the group of friends willing to take a different beer, what counts is surprising. "

Consumer Tips

Enjoy the beer it depends on some basic knowledge to make the drink to be savored under appropriate conditions.

Temperature: Forget the cold stupidly: Each craft beer style calls for a consumption temperature usually indicated on the label. "If we drink almost freezing, do not feel the aromas and flavor. In general, we can say that the more potent alcoholic and less need to be chilled beers in the service. An Imperial Stout, for example, may be consumed to 10 degrees ", Julia said Reis.

Dregs of the bottle bottomDo not serve this sludge unfiltered beers. With the exception of German wheat beers (weizen), the yeast deposited at the end of the bottle does not add flavor and aroma to the drink. Therefore, serve all the cups at once and book the very end (can even be used separately, but do not put in all the glasses).

"Collar" YES: The foam is part of the sensory analysis of beer. Serve usually without preventing their formation.

Cup: The right choice helps to taste the beer, but it is not necessary to have a collection at home to set the combination. Some bowls are wild and serve a variety of styles, such as the tulip which is more bulging underneath and with his mouth open.

Foam: It preserves the aromas and flavors in beer, because in contact with air beer will oxidized. It also helps to keep the coldest temperature because it reduces the heat exchange between the liquid and the air.

Tip: If you want to try different beers common in Brazil, starting with the premium lagers (Heineken, Stella Artois), then try the true and in that case the best options are the Czech Pilsens such as Pilsner Urquell. In the group of top-fermented beers (Ales), the blond are tasty options for women, with a Leffe Belgium a good suggestion. To dare a little more, give a chance for weiss and fruity wheat beers and amazing flavor. The tip is to invest in German, such as Paulaner. After enjoying these, you can go to the most bitter, with more hops in the composition, such as porters and IPAs.

After reading this guide, choose the options that suit you and taste the flavors and aromas that each beer you can provide! But do not forget: drink in moderation and if you drink, do not drive, ask a taxi or take the ride.

Collaboration: Andressa Dias and Rainer Görtz