Bleeding during intercourse – Women Tips
Although not as common episodes, bleeding occurring during sexual intercourse can not be considered rare and much less should be ignored by women. Because in some cases, can indeed be a sign of something more serious. Thus, its causes should always be investigated.
According to the gynecologist and obstetrician Barbara Murayama, some studies estimate that about 0.7 to 9% of women have at least one episode of bleeding during or after sexual intercourse, a year.
The main causes of bleeding during sexual intercourse
Before talking about any important reason, that pose a risk to women's health, medical Anna Aguiar notes that "in sexual intercourse near the date of menstruation is almost certain that there will be bleeding. Many women come to me saying that bled the day before menstruating, for example. Thus, the first reason to think that it was menstrual blood, "he says.
However, as pointed out in the middle, there are other more important reasons that deserve investigation. "STDs (sexually transmitted diseases) is one of them. Some bacteria can be acquired during intercourse, as chlamydia, trichomonads and others. These cause inflammation of the cervix, making it brittle, causing bleeding and pain during sexual intercourse. So if guides condom always, regardless of contraceptive use, "explains Anna Aguiar.
Barbara gynecologist stands out as the most frequent causes: "cervicitis, which are infections of the cervix for various reasons and may be accompanied by landslides; as well as polyps endocervical and vaginal dryness characteristic of declining hormone levels of menopause, for example, "he says.
But even according to Barbara gynecologist, the cause of greatest concern is the cervical cancer. "That's because you know that around 11% of patients with this cancer are bleeding relations," he explains.
According to Anna Aguiar, a highlight should be given to endometriosis, a disease that affects 5-15% of women. "Results originated tissue in the uterus, the endometrium, endometriosis can promote bleeding during intercourse due to the implementation of this tissue regions such as the cervical and vaginal canal. During sex, to be the touch these areas, bleeding happens, "he explains.
The menopause and bleeding during intercourse
Anna Aguiar points out that in menopause there is an additional source of bleeding, vaginal atrophy. "In this period, ovarian failure reduces the production of estrogen, a hormone responsible for vaginal lubrication. Thus, the reduction of vaginal dryness and elasticity can result in bleeding during intercourse, "he says. "A local hormone can solve this problem in many cases," adds the doctor.
Bleeding and pain
In some cases, the bleed during sexual intercourse may be accompanied by pain. For Barbara Murayama, the two facts together can be a sign of an infection or changes of menopause. "It can be from a simple vulvovaginites to cervical cancer itself. Why is this so important to visit the gynecologist regularly and any symptoms, "says the gynecologist and obstetrician.
As already pointed out the gynecologist Barbara, the woman should seek medical help as soon as observed bleeding (ally or not the pain) during sexual intercourse. "There are several causes, from the simplest to the most worrying. But only a complete medical evaluation, with full gynecological examination and, in some cases, laboratory tests, is that we know the diagnosis, "he says.
"At any episode of bleeding the woman should see your gynecologist to further investigate the cause and make the necessary treatment. She should not wait occur several times to seek medical advice, "adds Anna Aguiar.
According to the gynecologist Barbara Murayama, the use of condoms certainly contributes, and to prevent the woman get sexually transmitted diseases. And, accordingly, prevents episodes of pain and bleeding that could occur during intercourse.
"The condom prevents even cervical cancer of the uterus which is caused by HPV - a sexually transmitted virus," adds Barbara.
"Furthermore, it is essential to go to the gynecologist routinely to perform preventive assessment, which includes the Pap test, which seeks to prevent cervical cancer," concludes Barbara Murayama.
Remember to be careful, even in time of pleasure! Do not expect any of these signs (bleeding or pain) to avoid the worst: always use condoms, regardless of the use of contraceptives. And lubricants can also be good choices for cases vaginal dryness.